Where It All Started.

Where It All Started.

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Tag: unix

Checkout Specific Directory Within Git Repo

I believe that the first test of a truly great man is his humility. Really great men have a curious feeling that the greatness is not in them but through them. And they see something divine in every other man and are endlessly, incredibly merciful.

— John Ruskin.

One day I was working on a driver port to macOS (Apple Macintosh OS) and the only opensource code for it can be found on Linux kernel.

Heck! The Linux kernel repository is around 2GB including all history and I only needed a specific directory inside the repository. After searching the whole internet I found an answer1.

Here are the steps to clone a specific directory from a git repository:

  1. First and foremost you need to create a local blank repository on your workstation. git init <repo-url>
  2. Inside the created bare repository, map the remote URL of the remote repository you want to clone. cd <repo-name> git remote add origin <remote-repo-url>
  3. Then, setup the git config and specify that you’ll be doing a sparse checkout. git config core.sparsecheckout true
  4. Create and add all the directories you want to checkout in the sparse-checkout file that can be found in .git/info/sparse-checkout. echo "<needed-directory>/*" >> .git/info/sparse-checkout
  5. When all the above steps is done, finally pull the repository objects. git pull --depth=1 origin master

So guys if you have any questions? hit me up on my social media accounts. That’s all there is that is needed. Now its already cloned and can now be worked on.

❌ Originally posted on August 5, 2019.


  1. https://stackoverflow.com/a/28039894 ↩︎

Check Total File Size of Files with Specific File Extension

Posted on by Edward Fitz

It is simply this: do not tire, never lose interest, never grow indifferent—lose your invaluable curiosity and you let yourself die. It’s as simple as that.

— Tove Jansson in Fair Play.

Recently, I wondered on how to check the file size of all files with a specific file extension on a folder / project. This is what I’ve found out after several experimentation using command line tools in Linux, this specific task could be accomplish with just one line of command. Check below for the actual command:

find . -name "*.dart" | xargs cat | wc -c

What this command does, is first find all file with the dart extension. Then pipe the output of that command in xargs converts the standard input to command arguments. After that pipe the output of xargs again to our favorite word counter wc.

Here are the command line tools use in the process.

  • xargs is a command on Unix and most Unix-like operating systems used to build and execute commands from standard input. It converts input from standard input into arguments to a command. Some commands such as grep and awk can take input either as command-line arguments or from the standard input. Wikipedia
  • find is a command-line utility that locates files based on some user-specified criteria and then applies some requested action on each matched object. Wikipedia
  • wc is a command in Unix and Unix-like operating systems. The program reads either standard input or a list of files and generates one or more of the following statistics: newline count, word count, and byte count. If a list of files is provided, both individual file and total statistics follow. Wikipedia

That’s it!

So guys, do you have any one-liner commands that you want to share? Just message me on my social media accounts. Hope you guys enjoyed this article!

Changing Xserver Default Applications Using XDG Tools

XDG (freedesktop.org) which stands for X Desktop Group is a group which develop the X11 and xdg utilities which currently runs as barebones of linux desktop. So how do we change the defaults when opening a file on XServer?

Be free, and live life fully.

— Caroline Shaw.

So how do we configure XDG?

Tools that we will be using to configure xdg can be found in xdg-utils package (utilities like xdg-settings and xdg-mime).
So to set the default application to open a certain mime type, you need run the code below:

xdg-mime default Thunar.desktop inode/directory

The command above would add the new mime application settings to ~/.local/share/applications/defaults.list. It basically tells xdg-mime to open a directory using Thunar (XFCE filemanager).

Fun Fact

  1. freedesktop.org (fd.o) is a project to work on interoperability and shared base technology for free-software desktop environments for the X Window System (X11) and Wayland on Linux and other Unix-like operating systems. It was founded by Havoc Pennington, a GNOME developer working for Red Hat in March 2000. The project’s servers are hosted by Portland State University, sponsored by Hewlett-Packard, Intel, and Google. ↩︎